How Saree is made step by step
Saree comes under a well-known traditional Indian garment worn by the women of the nation and is known for its elegance and grace. The women of Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka also wear saree for different occasions such as weddings, formal events, other parties, and festivals.
The process of making a Saree, for example, Sambalpuri Saree, consists of three major steps be followed:
- Raw Yarn degumming
- Weaving the patterns of a saree
The process of making a saree requires skill and precision.
Step 1: Fabric Selection for a Saree
The very first step of making a saree is the selection of a fabric for it. The fabric that is used for making a saree can be of various types, such as silk, georgette, chiffon, and many other forms. The fabric selected for a saree needs to be of premium quality and must be able to hold the embroidery and the design of the work that is to be done on it.
Step 2: Fabric preparation for a saree
Once the fabric is selected, it is washed and cleaned thoroughly so that the dirt or impurities are removed from it completely. The washed and cleaned fabric is then dried and ironed so that it removes any kind of wrinkles or creases that might have been formed on it. This particular step is necessary because it ensures that the cloth or the fabric is now ready for the next step of saree making, which is the dyeing of the fabric.
Step 3: Dyeing of the Fabric
Dyeing the fabric is important because it is the process of saree making, it gives the fabric its color and adds to its charm. Natural or synthetic dyes are used in the process of dyeing the fabric. The choice of dyes depends on the type of fabric used and the color that is desired for a saree. The dyeing process involves soaking the cloth in a solution of dye and then washing it to remove any dye that is in excess amount.
Step 4: Embroidery addition to the saree
It is an art in itself to add embroidery to the saree. It can be done either by hand or by the use of machines. The embroidery can be done using several materials such as beads, thread, and other stuff. The pattern or design put into the embroidery of a saree depends on the fabric and the type of function or occasion for which the saree is being prepared. The work of adding embroidery can take a lot of time, skill, and patience, and it is important for ensuring that this work is done with precision and accuracy.
Step 5: Addition of borders to the saree
Adding borders to the saree is an important procedural step that enhances the beauty and charm of the saree. Borders can be added with the help of various materials such as zari, lace, and other materials. The addition of the border can be done on the edges of a saree or in the middle of it. Again, the choice of type of border depends on the pattern and the design of the saree.
Step 6: Cutting and stitching of a fabric
After completing all the design work, the fabric is cut according to the size of the saree. The dimensions of a saree such as its length and width depending on the pattern and design. The fabric of the saree is then stitched together in order to form the saree. The stitching can be done either by hand or with the help of using machines. The process of stitching a saree is an important one because it needs to be done with accuracy and precision to ensure that the saree looks put together and fits well.
Step 7: Adding Pally to the Saree
The pallu is an important part of the saree, and it is the part that is draped and fallen over the head and shoulder. The same fabric as the saree can be used in the making of a pallu or a different type too. The length and width of the pallu depend on the design and pattern of each saree.
Step 8: Finishing Touches
The final step in the process of making a saree is adding the finishing touches to it. This includes ironing the saree to remove any type of wrinkles that might have come to it, adding hooks or zips, and adding any other final touch to the design. The saree then becomes ready to be worn.
There can also be a separate process of manufacturing a saree for a particular type of saree, such as, we can see the manufacturing process of Silk Sarees.
Silk is one of the oldest fabrics that is known, produced by silkworms by the method of spinning around its cocoon. The process begins with the eggs till the worms grew up and the cocoons are formed. The farmers let the caterpillar turn into moths so that their eggs are laid, eggs are hatched out and more caterpillars grew to make bigger cocoons.
Healthier moths are used for breeding by the farmers for this process. Their eggs are then categorized and tested and then selected. To form the silk cocoon, the caterpillars start moving their heads back and forth. As their head is twisted, they weave a strand that is a double strand of fiber in a figure-eight pattern and create a wall that is symmetrical, around itself.
This whole process gives result in raw silk fiber and there the worm’s life ends by stoving the cocoons. Then these cocoons are transformed into silk threads as they are processed in the factory.
Making a saree is a complex process where skill and precision are required. There are several steps that are included, such as selecting the fabric, preparing the fabric, dyeing it, and adding the embroidery as we have discussed in detail above.